1997 (19) Issue 2
Table of Contents
Title: Auf der Suche nach dem Gespenst des Ökonomismus. Einige Bemerkungen über Tausch, Märkte und die Ökonomisierung der Lebensverhältnisse
Author: Gebhard Kirchgässner
Abstract: First, the role of markets as co-ordination mechanisms and, more generally, the role of exchange relations in a society is discussed. We consider illegal markets as well as markets where transactions are performed not using money but some other exchange medium. Secondly, we ask for the political possibilities to intervene into such markets. Finally, we discuss the increasing 'economising of social relations' and possible reasons for it.
Title: Kommunikatives Handeln und kooperative Ziele
Author: Raimo Tuomela
Abstract: In this paper an account of communicative action is given from the point of view of communication as a cooperative enterprise. It is argued that there is communication both on the basis of shared collective goals and without them. It is also claimed that people can communicate without specifically formed illocutionary communicative intentions. Finally, the paper compares the account given in the article with Habermas, theory of communicative action.
Title: Kommunikatives Handeln bei Tuomela. Ein Kommentar
Author: Georg Meggle
Abstract: According to Tuomela, comunicative actions are a special case of social actions. As to the relevant differentia, he gives us different proposals. How are these proposals to be judged from the perspective of a communication theory formulated in strictly intentionalistic terms?
Title: Does Moral Theory Need the Concept of Society?
Author: David Copp
Abstract: We have the intuition that the function of morality is to make society possible. That is, the function of morality is to make possible the kind of cooperation and coordination among people that is necessary for societies to exist and to cope with their problems. This intuition is reflected in the 'society centered' moral theory I defended in my book "Morality, Normativity, and Society". The theory is a relativistic version of moral naturalism and moral realism. This paper briefly explains some of the basic ideas of my theory and attempts to answer some of the most common objections. I argue that, despite its relativism, my views allow that certain things are simply wrong to do, without any qualifications, and it allows that members of other societies, non-human animals, and even features of the environment, might have non-derivative moral status.
Title: For Society - Against Morality? On David Copp's Attempt to Put Society at the Centre of Ethics
Author: Anton Leist
Abstract: Morality and society in moral philosophy are rarely brought into direct contact, at least not at a fundamental level of justification. David Copp develops an account of practical and moral rationality that could constitute a radical change. According to Copp moral theory has to be 'society-centered' rather than focussing on the individual. This article is devoted to the moral content and structural features of a socially centered moral theory, and along those lines to its critical assessment. Concluding, it will seek to present an argument why moral philosophy ought not place society at the centre of its view.
Title: Internationaler Handel, Tauschgerechtigkeit und die globale Rohstoffdividende. Kommentar zu Thomas W. Pogges "Eine globale Rohstoffdividende" (ANALYSE & KRITIK 17, 183-208)
Author: Richard Reichel
Abstract: Pogge's proposal of a 'global resource dividend' (GRD) is intendend to compensate the poor, commodity-exporting countries of the developing world for terms of trade losses and unequal exchange in trade with the industrialized North. It can be shown that it is unlikely that Pogge's GRD will be successful. On the one side, increased financial flows from the GRD funds may seriously inhibit the structural transformaton of an underdeveloped economy, whereas on the other side the internal distribution problem associated with GRD payments is not resolved.
Title: Weltarmut und Ressourcen-Zugang. Kommentar zu Thomas W. Pogges "Eine globale Rohstoffdividende" (ANALYSE & KRITIK 17, 183-208)
Author: Thomas Kesselring
Abstract: Thomas Pogge suggests that world poverty should be fighted against with the help of a global dividend on resources (GRD). In the first part of this comment Pogge's moral argumentation is reviewed. In the second part the coherence of the GRD proposal is discussed critically. It is argued that GRD should be spent primarily for ecological purposes.