Titel: Kymlicka on British Muslims
Autor: Tariq Modood
Abstract: Will Kymlicka has recently (in ANALYSE & KRITIK 14) argued that western liberals are mistaken in assuming that religious pluralism presupposes a commitment to individual rights. He instances the millet system of the Ottoman Empire as a successful form of toleration based on group rather than individual rights. In the course of his argument he makes some remarks about British Muslims and arranged marriages, sexual segregation in education and the Rushdie Affair which are false or highly misleading though typical of the prejudice-cum-ignorance with which British and other intellectuals discuss Muslims.
Titel: Reply to Modood
Autor: Will Kymlicka
Abstract: In reply to Dr. Modood, I re-examine two examples where recent British Muslim demands conflict with liberal-democratic norms. Such conflicts are not unique to Muslims, but arise with most religious communities.
Titel: Two Models of Pluralism and Tolerance
Autor: Will Kymlicka
Abstract: In his most recent work, John Rawls argues that political theory must recognize and accomodate the 'fact of pluralism', including the fact of religious diversity. He believes that the liberal commitment to individual rights provides the only feasible model for accomodating religious pluralism. In this paper, I discuss a second form of tolerance, based on group rights rather than individual rights. Drawing on historical examples, I argue that this is also a feasable model for accomodating religious pluralism. While both models ensure tolerance between groups, only the former tolerates individual dissent within groups. To defend the individual rights model, therefore, liberals must appeal not only to the fact of social pluralism, but also to the value of individual autonomy. This may require abandoning Rawl's belief that liberalism can and should be defended on purely 'political', rather than 'comprehensive' grounds.
1992 (14) Heft 1
Wenn es für westliche Gesellschaften nach dem Zusammenbruch politischer Utopien und sozialer Heilslehren noch ein vereinigendes Selbstverständnis gibt, dann dasjenige des Liberalismus. Gemäß der liberalen Doktrin der Eindämmung politischer Macht zugunsten individueller Freiheit sollen wirksam garantierte Bürgerrechte kulturelle und weltanschauliche Differenzen dem privaten Lebensbereich überantworten und so politisch neutralisieren. Die Trennung privater und öffentlicher Sphären erschei...